Brasov and surroundings

The first documents that mention the city, under the name Corona, dating back to the thirteenth century.
Braşov was also developed by the Saxons who were called by King Géza II of Hungary on several occasions between 1141 and 1162 to found the city, start cultivating the land mines defend the southern borders of the Reign of Hungary.
Because of the punitive raids of Vlad Tepes and the Tartars were built large fortifications, continuously expanded and enhanced, with several towers, each of which was treated and monitored by one of the congregations of artisans. Currently there are two city gates (Porta Ecaterinei and Schei Gate), while the fortifications are in the process of restoration and recovery thanks to funding from UNESCO.
Near the center stands the Evangelical Church “Black Church”, which according is considered the largest Gothic church in Eastern Europe.
in 1838 in Braşov showed two important facts for the Romanian culture: the birth of the first Romanian language newspaper, Gazeta Transilvaniei, and the first institution of higher education, the Greek-Ortodoxe Central school.
From the economic point of view Industrial development in Braşov started in the interwar period, when it was launched the aviation industry Română (IAR), a large aviation industry, who built the first Romanian fighter aircraft, used in the Second World War against the Soviet Union . The communist regime accelerated industrial development, especially in heavy industry, which attracted many workers from surrounding areas. Although industrial activity has had a significant decline in recent years, the area is heavily industrialized, with companies in the engineering sector (agricultural machinery, hydraulic transmissions, bearings, automotive components, helicopters), as well as pharmaceuticals (with the recent construction of a factory of the multinational GlaxoSmithKline), furniture and textiles. In Braşov has also home Poiana, one of the most famous chocolate factories in the country, and a detachment of Nivea (cosmetics industry).
As for tourism you can discover the following points of interest:

  • Fagaras Mountains , the highest and most spectacular mountains of Romania. There the Transfagarascian road was built to connect the province of Sibiu and Arges through a mountain pass at over 2000 mt. above sea level. The transfagarascian path and balea lac (a glacial lake) are ones of the main point of interest in carpathian mountains. If you visit balea lac in winter you will find also an an Ice hotel.
  • Poiana Brasov and Sinaia, in the area of Bucegi Mountains south of Brasov are the most famous winter resorts in the country. An ideal place for trekking, skiing, cross country skiing and snowboarding. At Sinaia, Peles castle is also the important historical residence of King Carol I of Romania and now a National Museum, that place has also passed the situations related to the dictator Ceausescu.
  • Bran Castle, in the village on the border between Transylvania and Wallachia, which inspired the description of the castle of Dracula in Bram Stoker’s novel, although it is not the real manor historically belonged to prince Vlad III of Wallachia. The real Castle Dracula’s fortress Poienari is located in the district of Arges.

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